The industrial revolution: From IIoT to Industry 4.0

P.I. Ceseña-Romero, D. Chávez-García, A. Flores-Valentín, J. Lopez-Leyva
CETYS, Universidad,

Keywords: industry, innovation, diagnostic tool, technologies


The world entered an era of constant change in an exponential way, where new technologies are dominating the market; however, automation, information and communication technologies (ICT) are not enough to meet the expectations of increasingly demanding customers; that is why it is necessary to adapt the technologies which lead to the "Fourth Industrial Revolution“, with the incursion of technologies such as: advance material´s, big data, simulation, visual and increased reality, cloud, cyber security, internet of things, blockchain, system integration, robotic, artificial intelligence and additive manufacturing. These technologies help the manufacturing processes to be more efficient with time reduction, more efficient decisions, reduce defects, among others [1]. For these reasons, it is crucial that industries make a technological transition. Nowadays there are several countries around the world dedicated to exploiting the potential of new technologies and they are having a big impact into the fourth industrial revolution, such as: Germany with “Industrie 4.0” [2], China with the program “Made in China” [3] and USA with “Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition (SMLC)” [4]. These strategies are clear that innovation and technology are an important pillar to grow as a country, take advantage of tools such as the industrial internet of things can make a company stand out The industrial Internet of things (IIoT) provides a way to get better visibility and insight into the company´s operation assets thought integration of machines sensors, middleware, software and backend cloud compute and storage system [5]. For these reasons, we created a diagnostic tool, called “BC 4.0”, designed for those companies that pursue to increase their industrial level (Industry 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 or 4.0). This diagnostic tool is designed to define what is needed to advance technologically and guide the companies to the experts in the technologies required to reinforce and to grow the potential of the value chain. However, this is not a simple process, it is essential to know at what technological level the company is, nevertheless, many companies fear taking the next step because they are unaware of the subject or do not know how to start. The tool “BC 4.0” was implemented in industries located in Baja California (BC) state in the northern of Mexico. “BC 4.0” seeks to provide the industry with an easy and quick way to identify what it is needed to take the next technological step. Based on a series of questions, it is desired to have a response variable identified for each of the possible options of companies that use the tool. The response variable contains the technological level of the company, their technological strengths and weaknesses, to reach the next technological level. It should be noted that the tool considers the importance of the triple helix: Government, Industry and Academia to achieve the rising of the technological level of the Baja California state in Mexico. This tool can be useful for other states as base to adapt the Industry 4.0.